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In the past years working in animal hospitals, the number of gastroenteritis, foreign body obstruction or pancreatitis cases go up during the Chinese New Year holiday. Some will think vomiting and diarrhoea is no big deal but in fact they could be the early signs of a much more serious illness – pancreatitis. The cost of treating this disease could easily reach thousands and some of these cases still ended by adding to the death toll despite the best efforts from the medicial staffs.

It’s relaxing and appetitizing in holidays and looking at friends and family members feasting, your dogs will likely circle around everybody and speak with their eyes “some for me, give me a bit PLEASE~~~!"

While tiny little bit of treats maybe OK, some “gourmet" just aren’t for dogs if you don’t want to spoil your nice holiday.

Let’s give a big hand to Mrs Gullable and her beloved dog Doggy to demonstrate a list of DON’Ts:

“Roasted chicken wings" is Doggy’s favorite in the BBQ party, and he will finish the bones as well.

  • Don’t give a piece of bone that your dog may swallow nor bones will sharp edges.
  • Chicken bones and bones cooked in soup can be broken into pieces easily and are with sharp edges
  • Dog’s disgestive system is not designed for handling big pieces of bones. If they swallow a whole piece of bone, they can end up with intestinal foreign body obstruction. That will need to be taken out surgically in order to save a life.
  • The sharp edegs of the bones may cut the buccal cavity and the digestive tract, causing bleeding and then bacterial infection.
  • Raw bones may carry bacteria so it is another don’t.

 We have a big feast for a family, Doggy will have some milk.

  • Dogs can have lactose (milk sugar) intolerance
  • Rapid change of food content can also lead to gut/stomach upset (vomiting & diarrhea)

We will have BBQ pork/roast pork and there is plenty of preserved meat in the special New dish. Doggy can have a bite.

  • Fatty food (with high fat content) is a risk factor of (acute) pancreatitis
  • Pancreatitis is usually diagnosed by having unusual increase in pancreatic digestive enzymes found blood testing
  • Digestive enzymes will normally stay in the digestive system
  • When the pancreas cells are damaged, the enzymes can leak into the blood stream.
  • The abdominal cavity and the organs inside are being digested by these enzymes, causing tissue damages and severe pain.
  • Dogs that are on medications or having pre-existing diseases are more prone to pancreatitis, e.g.:
  • Obesity, diabetes, epilepsy, gastrointestinal problems, endocrine disorders (e.g. hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism)
  • Certain drugs: furosemide (diuretics), tetracyclines, estrogens, sulfadrugs

Signs of canine acute pancreatitis:

  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Cranial (close to ribs) abdominal pain and may support the body with “praying stance”
  • Apathy and anorexia
  • In severe cases: fever, dehydration, shock, tachycardia (heart beating too fast), arrhythmia (heart beating with abnormal rhythm), jaundice (yellowing of the skin, eye-white and/or mucus membrane), intra-abdominal bleeding, respiratory distress, DIC (Disseminated intravascular coagulation, formation of small blood clots inside the blood vessels throughout the body triggered by diseases)
  •  The worst outcome is death

Pancreatitis can be difficult to treat and the medical bill can be increased exponentially when it is a severe case that involved more procedures and medicines.

  • If the dog is dehydrated and in shock, he may need to be hospitalized for a drip and intensive care
  • The dog maybe fasted when he is still vomiting and having diarrhea and to let the pancreas rest
  • If the dog is strong enough, stronger pain control medicine may be administered to ease the severe abdominal pain and the dog’s suffering
  • An acute pancreatitis can turn into a chronic one or pancreatic insufficiency that cannot be cured. If so, the dog will have to stay on special diet (ultra-low fat with increased oligo-fiber) added with digestive enzymges for the rest of his life.

If fatty meat is not alright, then fruit and vegetable should be fine, isn’t it?

  • Certain vegetables and fruits e.g.: Grapes, avocado & onion etc could cause kidney damage, leading to renal (kidney) failure, which consequences are more severe then having gut-stomach discomfort.
  • As the chemical(s) responsible for the poisoning is not yet isolated, therefore the toxicology and how the body is damaged remained unclear

Is it ok to give “Po Chai Pill/Triumpet brand pills” (for treating stomach upset in human) if Doggy is having vomiting and diarrhea?

  • Never! Vomiting and diarrhea are signs of diseases instead of the causes of them. To treat the diseases, the causes must be found
  • The list of ingredients aren’t listed on the package nor the descriptions of these pills
  • There was no literature or toxicology information available from main stream veterinary publications, making treating the poisoning from these pills extra difficult.
  • Many of the dogs who have taken these pills still died despite having intra-venous fluid flushing and intensive care. Signs included:
  1. Liver damage and increased liver enzymes in blood
  2. Severe vomiting and diarrhea and blood is often seen in the vomits and stool
  3. When the liver shut down, toxins inside the body can’t be processed and jaundice is observed. The kidneys are overloaded after the liver is damaged and kidney failure is resulted.

Gocha:  After a BBQ party at home during the weekend, Doggy run into vomiting and is now in the vet’s office

The vet may want to know: What is the vet considering?
When did Doggy start vomiting and how many times he vomited? Is he also having diarrhea (number of times)? Was he completely fine before the party? Is the vomiting related to the BBQ party or is it a problem happened before they party? Is it just the stomach affected or is it the whole digestive tract?
Is Doggy fully and regularly vaccinated? Try to rule out if the vomiting and diarrhea is caused by viral infection such as distemper and parvo virus
Did he bring up undigested food or just bile? How is the digestive tract functioning in the mean time?
Is Doggy still interested in his food? Can he keep his food down? If not, how long did he vomit after eating? How much is the digestive tract affected? Apart from infection (involves medicine treatment), will foreign body obstruction be a possible cause (need surgical treatment)?
Will Doggy scavenge if he is given the chance? Trying to rule-out or confirm with the help of environmental evidence for foreign body obstruction.
Will it be possible that your guest tried to show his affections towards Doggy by giving a bite? Is the upset caused by food change (intolerance)? Is it possible to be a pancreatitis (severe systemic problem that is unlikely to recover by treating at home and may need hospitalization)
Is there recently application of pesticides or fertilizers? Is the digestive tract irritated by chemicals and would it be caused by poisoning (may need to administer oral activated charcoal? Injection of antidote? IV fluid? Hospitalization?)

 

During the Chinese New Year Holiday, the practices you have been going to could also be having their holiday or having changed their opening hours. To play save, just give them a call to confirm and make sure you have their emergency call number.

Wish you and your pet,

Good health and good fortune in the year of the rabbit!

Reference:

  1. J.M. Steiner (2010) How I diagnose/How I treat – Chronic Pancreatitis in Dogs, Proceedings of the 35th World Small Animal Veterinary Congress 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, C11
  2. Thomas Spillmann (2008) Canine Pancreatitis – From clinical suspicion to diagnosis, Proceedings of the 33rd World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Dublin, Ireland, p379-381
  3. Penny Watson (2007) Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs, Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference Congress, Orlando Florida, p458-461
  4. John Dunn (1999) Textbook of Small Animal Medicine, W.B. Saunders, Harcourt Brace and Company, Contents, problem-oriented medicine

兩棲動物飼料

這篇文章曾經在香港兩棲爬蟲協會發表過, 對新手來說是非常有用, 現將舊文一些資料更新及修訂, 希望各方好友指正。

1)紅蟲:
紅蟲識用於適合可全年水棲的兩棲動物, 例如東美陪蠑螈 (Notophthalmus viridescens) 、東方蠑螈 (Cynops orientalis) 、非洲爪蟾 (Xenopus laevis) 等等…… 另外, 塗抹於濕紙巾上, 亦可作一些地棲性的亞成體食用。
好處: 方面購買, 易於收藏, 放入水中有強烈味道, 對於以嗅覺為主的水棲螈螈, 是一種好飼料
壞處: 由於氣味濃烈, 容易引起咬傷同伴的問題, 特別是一些嗅覺較敏銳、侵略性強的品種例如無班肥鯢 (Pachytriton labiatus)

2)豐年蝦:
豐年蝦的好處與壞處跟紅蟲差不多, 而且豐年蝦的營養價值比紅蟲高, 又含蝦紅素, 可令兩棲動物更鮮艷, 例如 高山冠螈 (Mertensiella caucasica)、藍尾螈蠑(Cynops cyanurus)等。

3)魚:
同樣適合可全年水棲的蠑螈, 例如中國瘰螈指名亞種 (Paramesotriton chinensis)、商城肥鯢(Pachyhynobius shangchengensis)、 等等……
好處: 容易採購, 不易引起被同伴咬傷的問題;
壞處: 今天的小魚含超出指標的鉛、水銀, 長期食用會導致慢性中毒.

4)淡水蝦:
可餵飼全年水棲的蠑螈, 例如阿富汗山溪鯢 (Batrachuperus mustersi), 巫山北鯢 (Ranodon shihi), 香港瘰螈 (Paramesotriton hongkongensis) 等。
好處: 跟小魚差不多, 容易採購, 不易引起被同伴咬傷的問題
壞處: 吞食時可能會割傷蠑螈的口腔, 建議供給有強壯犁骨齒的蠑螈使用

5)蚯蚓:
蚯蚓可以說是無敵的飼料, 基本上是大陪分的蠑螈, 無論水棲、陸棲和的品種都適用, 餵飼時長度並不重要, 最重要是蚯蚓的厚度, 更可針對一些只吃蚯蚓的品種來使用, 例如著名的戒環鈍口螈 (Ambystoma annulatum)。
好處: 移動緩慢容易捕食, 並且可以加快瘦弱、剛「開口」的蠑螈回復狀態.
壞處: 在香港不易於市場上買到, 繁殖效率一般, 成長速度慢, 而且保存上需花多一點心思, 除非自家繁殖否則要找合適厚度的蚯蚓比較困難, 並且在餵飼時要注意蚯蚓鑽入底材之下, 同時亦要留意寄生蟲問題。

6)蛞蝓:
好處與壞處跟蚯蚓差不多, 蛞蝓行動緩慢之餘不經常鑽入底材之下, 但寄生蟲問題比更蚯蚓嚴重, 餵飼時亦應注意。

7)蟋蟀:
蟋蟀主要用於陸棲品種的飼料, (當然水棲都可以啦! 但會令水質變差.) 例如東京小鯢 (Hynobius tokyoensis)、白氏樹蛙(Litoria caerulea)、紅蠑螈 (Pseudotriton ruber) 等等……
好處: 容易採購, 而且大、中、小均有出售, 保存比較容易, 繁殖不困難, 如果輔以優良的飼料作 gutloading, 營養大增 !!!
壞處: 除去後腳亦移動迅速, 對於緩慢的捕食者不利, 而且不是所有蠑螈都愛吃蟋蟀, 飼養蟋蟀更帶來不少噪音!!!

8)麵皮蟲:
一種較傳統的飼料, 跟蟋蟀一樣, 適用於陸棲兩棲動物, 例如虎斑鈍口鯢 (Ambystoma mavortium)、黃點鈍口鯢 (Ambystoma maculatum)、枯葉蛙(Megophrys nasta) 等;
好處: 容易購買, 而且價錢便宜, 保存並不困難, 而且活動緩慢, 方面捕食, 同時蟲油較多, 有助增肥。
壞處: 不易被完全消化, 營養價值相對變降低, 同時蟲油較多, 易至過胖問題。
9)乳鼠:
一般來說, 我都不建議大家使用乳鼠來餵飼任何兩棲類動物, 因為只會增加不少多餘脂肪, 做成過度餵飼的問題, 會影響牠們的生殖能力, 和引起一些眼部問題, 例如白點帶等等。

10)人工兩棲動物飼料:
好處不用多說, 購買時可看看說明; 我個人的測試得出, 大部分馴化後的蠑螈都可以夾給予牠們吃, 例如加州漬螈 (Taricha granulose), 大涼疣螈 (Tylototriton taliangensis) 等, 重點是飼料要柔軟、容易吞食。

11) Woodlice、Isopod:
忘了這兩種節肢動物的中文名字, 是比較新的飼料, 效困非常理想。
好處: 容易飼養, 蛋白質、鈣質都比蟋蟀高, 同時容易gutload。
壞處: 唯一壞處是繁殖得慢, 要用心管理自己的繁殖組合……

後記:

直到現在, 還有一些新的飼尚待嘗試, 得出結果後, 再與大家分享。

Carlos Wan

轉眼農曆新年已到人日,距離2月14情人節還有幾天。收到朱古力的恭喜恭喜,甜在口時又甜在心。不過朱古力不能與任何寵物 (如果你的寵物是個人,那隨便 ^0^) 分甘同味,尤其是犬隻!過往在動物醫院,特別是情人節、復活節、聖誕節等,不時收到客戶的求助電話,指外出回家後發現寵物已拆盒食光整盒朱古力,不知何時吃,也不知吃了多少!

原來美味的朱古力內含可可鹼(Theobromine / 3,7-dimethylxanthine)及咖啡因(Caffine),而這兩種化學物質的結構與擴張氣管藥物茶鹼 (Theophylline,用以治療哮喘、支氣管痙攣、支氣管炎和肺氣腫等) 十分相近,因此過量服用時,三者均能在動物身上引致出相同的反應,例如:

嘔吐 心律不正
腹瀉 噪動
排尿增加 四肢不協調
心跳過速 癲癇

以下表列出朱古力中的可可鹼和咖啡因的份量,數據只供參考,並不表示如果寵服用的份量低於可致命份量便沒有問題,正如有些人喝幾公升啤酒而面不改容,但亦有人喝一小口也會醉倒,如發現寵物誤服 / 偷吃了朱古力必須馬上求醫!

食品 (每28克 g / 1盎司 oz) 可可鹼含量 (毫克mg) 咖啡因含量 (毫克mg) 相對有機會引起問題的服用份量 (每1公斤 kg體重計)
白朱古力 0.25 0.85 11.2 kg / 400 oz
黑朱古力 134 21 21 g / 0.75 oz
不含糖(烘焙用)朱古力 390-450 35-47 7g / 0.25 oz
牛奶朱古力 44-60 6 56g / 2 oz
熱朱古力沖劑 13 5 (6 oz 杯) 不詳
可可粉 300-900 不詳 不詳
可可豆殼 300-1200 不詳 不詳
奧利奧 (oreo)曲奇一塊 15 2.4 不詳

其他資料:

  1. 咖啡因加上可可鹼的致命劑量中位數(貓及狗):100-200mg/kg
  2. 茶鹼的致命劑量中位數:300mg/kg (狗); 700mg/kg (貓)
  3. 其他含有咖啡因或上可可鹼的食品包括:可樂、茶、咖啡等,不宜讓動物食用
  4. 如不幸發現寵物誤服 / 偷吃了朱古力 (也可應用在其他誤服毒物 / 藥物事件上):
  • 帶同包裝、說明書馬上前往求醫
  • 通知動物醫院有此個案正在前來,讓醫護人員緊急應變
  • 不可自行幫動物扣喉或灌水引致嘔吐,以免在消化道做成更大傷害,或引致異物流入氣管,增加併發吸入性肺炎的風險
  • 留意有否出現嘔吐,如有將犬隻(腳向下)向前傾,以免嘔吐物流入氣道

今次淺談了一些有關中毒的注意事項,下次再分享一些動物醫院中獸醫會如何處理中毒個案。

願    天下間有情人 心心相印,甜甜蜜蜜

Reference:

1)      J.D. Roder, (2001) The Practical Veterinarian Veterinary Toxicology, Butterworth-Heinemann Publications, U.S.A, Chocolate Poisoning, p118-121

2)      V Beasley (1999) Veterinary Toxicology, Toxicants Associated with Stimulation or Seizures, International Veterinary Information Service

http://www.ivis.org/advances/Beasley/Cpt2C/chapter_frm.asp?LA=1#Chocolate

3)      S.E. Aiello, A. Mays, (1998) The Merck Veterinary Manual 8th Ed., Merck & CO., INC, Whitehouse Station, N.J., U.S.A, Chocolate Poisoning, p. 2029-2030

4)      香港醫院藥劑師學會 – 藥物教育資源中心 – wfsection – Theophylline (茶鹼)

http://www.derchk.org/modules/wfsection/article.php?articleid=88

5)      MIMS Hong Kong – aminophylline essential drug information

http://www.mims.com.hk/Page.aspx?menuid=mng&name=aminophylline&brief=true&h=theophyllin&CTRY=HK&searchstring=theophyllin

It is impossible to manage the whole forest on my own. Our partners will come and tell you why we get to work together!

Crystal Yeung

I graduated from the University of Hong Kong, majoring Biochemistry in 2003, the year of the SARS. I have been a vet assistant for 6 years and started in privated animal practices to help vets during consultations, surgeries and to look after hospitalized animals. Later on, I worked at the Ocean Park Veterinary Department and was the senior technician (live exhibit) of the Ark Expo, and my experience extended from companion animals to the exotics. In between, I obtained the First Aid Certificate, and the status of Automated External Defibrillation Provider, as well as the Prehospital Trauma and Life Support Provider with the Hong Kong St. John Ambulance. I’ll always remember that the animals supported the most difficult period of my life and that each grain of rice I eat or each piece of clothing I’m wearing are provided by them. Too many times, when the knowledge from the medical staffs, the intentions of the owners and the situations of the animals couldn’t be presented and understand by all parties, the animals cannot receive the most suitable treatment. I would like to share with you my experience, what the vets had taught me, and the up-to-date veterinary medical information I can obtain. Then we can all understand what do the animals living with us actually need.

Carlos Wan

I was disappointed with my job and was looking for changes to express what I am good at in 2009. I met a cute little girl, Flora in a Chinese Arts and Crafts shop and she suggested me to establish my own career. Therefore, I found my own company – Discovery Forest, and it is a road to “animal exhibition". I found this road adventurous and it takes more than Flora and myself to do it so I started looking for capable people since 2010 and the 1st stop was working in an organization with a live exhibit and from there I found my partners.

At the same time, I found most colleagues and friends are having many misconceptions about keeping animals. They are also influenced by myths spread to them since their childhood and that ended with “killing animals with kindness". There are also people who are selling animals but only partially understand about them and about what they need. They even tried to create a “professional image" by keeping important information about the animals from their clients or by teaching them partially correct and sometimes questionable “knowledge", adding to the misconceptions and the death toll of the animals. Unwilling to see this continue, I decided to start this blog, lay out the facts, bust the myths, and let all interested to share with everybody.

在過去多年的動物醫院工作中,新春假期間往往是狗狗腸胃炎、異物塞腸或胰臟炎個案暴現的時候。別以為只是痾嘔不大不少,因為痾嘔可以是另一高危疾病胰臟炎的初期病癥,治療時不但醫藥費動輒數千,更有些個案最後是以不治告終!

美食當前假期放鬆,大家都食慾大增,見到屋企人和來賓開懷大嚼,家中的寶貝狗圍在身團團轉,閃亮亮目光攻勢進行中:「俾舊我啦,俾舊我食吓啦!」

本來分甘同味,小小無妨,但有些「美食」狗狗食不得,以免大好假期掃興收場。

有請我家楊師奶同愛犬旺財示範一系列反面教材:

1. 「燒雞翼」旺財都鍾意食,有骨落地

狗仔喜歡咬野,而嘴嚼過程中可以幫助磨走牙冠上的牙菌膜及部份牙石,但必需注意以下幾點:

o       不能給予可整塊吞下、咬後會有碎片或邊緣鋒利的咬骨

  • 雞骨、煲湯骨容易咬碎和有利邊

o       犬隻腸胃其實不能消化骨頭,整塊骨頭吞下可以導致異物塞腸(Intestinal foreign body obstruction),可能需以外科手術取出保命

o       鋒利邊沿亦可以割傷口腔及消化道,引致出血及細菌感染

o       生骨有機會帶菌,不宜進食

2. 新年加餸,不如都獎杯牛奶俾旺財先:

o       犬隻亦會有乳糖不耐症

o       食物成份轉變過大容易引發腸胃不適(痾嘔)

3. 斬大舊叉燒/燒肉,盤菜又有蠟味,咁多野食益吓旺財先

o       肥膩(脂肪含量高)食物是一個誘發(急性)胰臟炎的因素

o       診症多需以驗血發現血液內,由胰臟產生的消化酵素不正常上升

  • 消化酵素本來留在胰藏及腸臟
  • 當胰臟細胞受損,消化酵素有機會漏出血液內
  • 腹腔及內臟被消化酵素分解,引致組織受損及劇痛

o       犬隻本身有病患或正在以藥物治療增加病發風險,例如:

  • 痴肥、糖尿病、癲癇症、腸胃病、內分泌(甲狀腺或皮質醇)失調
  • 正以去水藥、四環抗生素、雌激素、含硫磺功能組藥物等治療疾病

o       胰臟炎的病癥包括:

  • 嘔吐腹瀉
  • 腹部前半(近肋骨)部份劇痛,可能需以「朝拜式」支撐身體
  • 精神不振及食慾不振
  • 嚴重個案中可能出現發燒、脫水、休克、心跳過速、心律不正、黃疸(皮膚、眼白或黏膜發黃)、腹腔出血、呼吸系統衰竭、血管內凝血反應等
  • 最嚴重可以不治告終

o       治療有難度,醫藥費可因病情嚴重及涉及的治療藥物/項目而大幅上升

  • 視乎狗狗是否已出現脫水及休克情況,可能需留院吊鹽水加護觀察
  • 由於痾嘔及要讓胰藏休養,或需禁食至情形好轉
  • 因腹部劇痛,如狗狗身體能承受止痛藥力,獸醫可能安排鎮痛力強的止痛藥物,以減低因此病所受的痛苦
  • 可能有後遺症,變成慢性胰臟炎或胰臟功能不足,需以特製食物(特低脂肪及增加短纖維)及加入消化酵素以控制病情,未必能根治

4. 肥肉唔食得,咁生果唔怕啦

o       一些蔬果例如:提子、牛油果、洋蔥等,內含的成份不但有機會引起腸胃不適,更可以損害腎臟功能,引致腎衰竭。

o       因未能成功分離出引致中毒反應的化學成份,因此其毒理及身體受損過程仍然不明。

5. 又痾/嘔,俾唔俾「喇叭牌 / 保濟丸」旺財食好呢?

o       千祁唔好!痾/嘔只是一種病癥而不是病因,要治療疾病必須找出病因

o       「喇叭牌 / 保濟丸」並無於說明書或包裝上列明其成份或含量

  • 無主流研究「喇叭牌 / 保濟丸」引致中毒的原理和文獻紀錄以致救治困難

o       多數中毒犬隻留醫吊鹽水加護治療後仍不治離世,所見症狀包括:

  • 肝臟受損引致血液內肝酵素上升
  • 劇烈嘔吐及腹瀉甚至嘔吐物和大便帶血

o       因肝臟無法及時處理毒素引致黃疸,亦有出現腎衰竭情況

6. 中伏了:年青唐狗旺財在家中花園舉行燒烤聚會後開始嘔吐要去睇醫生

獸醫可能提出的問題 獸醫考慮的事情
犬隻何時開始嘔吐及次數,是否有腹瀉(及次數),之前是否完全正常? 嘔吐與燒烤聚會是否有關?確定嘔吐是在聚會前已有的問題或是聚會之後才出現病癥,及確立只是胃部食道還是全個消化道受影響
犬隻有否定期接受混合疫苗防疫注射? 排除因狗瘟或犬腸炎病毒感染引致出現嘔吐
吐出來的是未消化的食物或只是黃膽水 考慮消化道的運作情況
開始嘔吐後是否仍願意進食,如果願意進食又會否食不下嚥,短時間後又嘔出來? 考慮犬隻整體受影響的程度、腸胃感染以外(藥物治療),例如消化道阻塞(需以外科手術處理)的可能性
犬隻會否在聚會時撿食骨頭/粟米芯? 嘗試由環境證據排除或鎖定進食異物引致消化道阻塞的可能性
會否有客人老友鬼鬼請佢食塊肥豬肉? 考慮進食非日常可得的食物引起食物不耐的上吐下瀉,以及因肥膩食物誘發胰臟發炎(系統性的嚴重問題,單靠口服藥物難以復原,需留醫治理)
最近花園會否曾打殺蟲水/施化合肥料? 考慮腸胃因化學物品受刺激而嘔吐甚至中毒的可能性(可能需使用口服活性碳、注射解毒劑及留院吊鹽水沖走在血液循環系統內的毒素)

新春期間,本來跟進狗狗病歷的動物醫院亦可能放年假休息,或縮短診症時間。唔怕一萬最怕萬一,快快打個電話去問問公眾假期動物醫院的診症時間,及索取急症求診電話號碼。

祝一家大細      身體健康    兔年行大運

參考資料

1.           J.M. Steiner (2010) How I diagnose/How I treat – Chronic Pancreatitis in Dogs, Proceedings of the 35th World Small Animal Veterinary Congress 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, C11

2.           Thomas Spillmann (2008) Canine Pancreatitis – From clinical suspicion to diagnosis, Proceedings of the 33rd World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Dublin, Ireland, p379-381

3.           Penny Watson (2007) Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs, Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference Congress, Orlando Florida, p458-461

4.           John Dunn (1999) Textbook of Small Animal Medicine, W.B. Saunders, Harcourt Brace and Company, Contents, problem-oriented medicine

楊堅愛 Crystal Yeung

2003(沙士之年)香港大學生物化學系畢業,投身動物護理界,在私人動物醫院擔任護士,協助獸醫診症、輔助手術進行及照料留醫動物。其後曾任職於海洋公園的獸醫院及挪亞方舟的動物組高級技術員,除接觸伙伴動物外,擴闊經驗至珍禽異獸,轉眼已累積近六年經驗。其間考取香港聖約翰救傷會的急救證書、自動體外心臟去顫器證書及院前創傷及生命救援術施行資格。

動物在我最困難的時期支撐了我的生活,所以我記住每一粒吃進肚裡的飯,穿在身上的衣服,也是由動物提供。而很多醫療個案中引致動物不能得到最適當治療的原因是醫護、飼主及動物三方面的知識和心聲無法互通,希望在discovery forest裡能把自己的所見所聞、各位獸醫教曉我的事情和獸醫學新知文獻與大家分享,讓大家可以明白與自己一起生活的動物其實需要甚麼。

溫卓豪 Carlos Wan

2009年事業不濟,正直求變之時,在一間中國傳統工藝店認識了一位天真可愛的小女孩(Flora),她提議我建立自己的事業,小女孩的說話在我失意之中帶來了新的希望,於是開始籌立Discovery Forest,展開「動物展覽」之路。邁入「動物展覽」事業的歷險門檻,我發現只有我和小女孩的力量實在是不夠的,為配合長遠發展必須要招兵買馬、拓展實力,2010我開始展開尋訪能人異士之旅;第一站,我到了某動物團體工作,終於找到幾位「有緣人」。

與此同時,我發現許多同事、朋友對飼養動物都有不少誤解,以及深受由孩童至成人階段的錯誤知識影響,往往造成「好心做壞事」,害及千萬的無辜生命,加上眼見無良商人穿鑿附會,對動物一知半解,甚至「怪舊埶而善野言,以其所知為秘妙」,授受「不完全正確」或「以偏概全」的資訊,害人害物至之不淺,實在有感而發,因而決定以理群類,解謬誤,達神恉,開網誌,與各路朋友分享、交流心得。

陳佩琪 Flower Chan

由幼稚園的一條金魚開始一直到現在, 家中出現過不少「動物仔」。由兒時開始, 在我的認知裡作寵物的就只有魚、貓、狗、倉鼠等……直到中學五年級的時候, 同學「威威」的寵物(一條玉米蛇)令我大開眼界。當時我被「威威」的玉米蛇迷住了, 原來養蛇十分有趣, 也完全沒有想過我也可以將一條蛇把玩在手裡, 感覺很新鮮! 牠的出現, 令我萌生了飼養「另類寵物」的念頭。

「另類寵物」對我來說是一個新嘗試, 本來打算從飼養爬行類動物入手, 可是我比較喜歡哺乳類動物, 加上機緣巧合之下, 從朋友處得到兩隻可愛的夜行小精靈──蜜袋鼯(sugar glider)。 自此, 我家多了兩隻活潑的小可愛, 一隻叫「糖」, 另一隻叫「薯片」, 牠們愛攀爬、愛飛行、愛跳躍,最愛吃的是麥皮蟲和香甜的水果。

「另類寵物」也影響到我在事業上的發展, 自從畢業後, 我一直從事動物管理工作, 新的知識和經驗愈來愈多, 希望日後有更多的機會與大家一同分享一下飼養小動物的樂趣。

‎"Discover Dreams in Discovery Forest"

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